Installing a basement subfloor can be an enjoyable, quick and easy job if all the construction materials and tools are available and ready. Whatever the type of flooring you plan to use, be it ceramic, laminate, hardwood or tile, the subfloor material must protect them from concrete moisture damage. A basement subfloor must serve the ultimately purpose of providing a warm and comfortable floor for the whole family.
In subfloor installation, different materials require different methods. A conventional subfloor is made of hardwood lumber with joists that have plywood panels nailed across them. For a plywood paneled subfloor, the panels should be put in a staggered way rather than side by side and the sides and corners aligned closely. Nails or construction glue are then used to attach the joists to the panels.
Basement floors are usually made of cement. To install subfloors, an option used by many is to build a wooden frame first. Then plywood panels lined with insulation and a vapor barrier are placed between the concrete and the new subfloor. This results in a warmer foundation for most flooring finishes. The thickness of the plywood or lumber subflooring must be considered in relation to the weight of the flooring material as it must be strong enough to hold all the furniture placed on the floor.
In cases where existing flooring will be replaced, it is good to check the condition of the subflooring first before replacing the upper flooring. The presence of stains, signs of decay and sagging will indicate structure damage and moisture problems. This should be resolved before going further with the floor renovation.
A properly installed basement subfloor with adequate insulation can make a lot of difference in the degree of comfort and the level of livability it can bring. Most importantly, it is the foundation upon which the basement is laid.
Source by Casey Torren